This article provides an overview of Haryana for those keen on exploring the possibility of living and working there. The information presented is gathered from open sources and is not exhaustive or meant to supplement or substitute legal and professional advice.
- State capital: Chandigarh
- Land area: 44,212 sq km
- Population: 25.4 million (2011)
- Head of government: Manohar Lal Khattar (Chief Minister)
- State languages: Hindi, Punjabi & English
- GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) (2016–17): US$ 81.28 billion
- Per Capita GSDP (2016–17): US$ 2,975
- Major districts: Gurgaon, Faridabad, Kamal, Panipat and Kurukshetra
The state of Haryana was created on 1 November 1966. It was previously part of the state of Punjab in India. Its area covers 1.3 percent of the country. It is located in India’s northwestern region and surrounded by the state of Himachal Pradesh to the north, Uttrakhand to the northeast, Rajasthan to the south, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi to the east and Punjab to the northwest. It shares its capital city Chandigarh with the state of Punjab. Haryana has 22 districts with Gurgaon, Faridabad, Kamal, Panipat and Kurukshetra being the major ones. The state also has nine districts located within the Delhi National Capital Region, which is one of India’s fastest growing economic regions.
According to India’s 2011 census data, Haryana comprised 5.96 percent of India’s population. It had a population of 25.35 million, of which 13.5 million were male while 11.85 million were women. From 2017 to 18, Haryana’s literacy rate was 75.5 percent, which was higher than the national average of 73 percent.
Haryana’s GSDP grew at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 12.66 percent between 2011 and 2012, as well as between 2017 and 2018, reaching an estimated US$94.4 billion between 2017 and 2018. In the same period, it had a per capita income of US$2,975.29, while its GSDP grew 11.6 percent, which was higher than India’s overall GDP growth rate of 9.8 percent. From 2017 to 2018, Haryana contributed about 3.63 percent to India’s economy.
Major industries in Haryana are automotive, IT, agriculture and petrochemicals. The state is preferred by automotive and automotive component companies. It produces two-thirds of all passenger cars, 50 percent of all tractors and 60 percent of all motorcycles produced in India. Some of the well-known automotive companies located in Haryana include the Escorts Group, Hero MotoCorp Ltd, Maruti Suzuki India and Yamaha Motors. In addition, the state had been identified as a manufacturing hub by the national government.
As the third-largest exporter of IT software in India, Haryana boasts a significant IT sector that is also preferred by IT/ITeS facilities worldwide. From 2016 to 2017, the state accounted for 6.2 percent of India’s software exports, with a total value of US$7.2 billion.
Agriculture, especially food grains, is also a key industry. From 2016 to 2017, Haryana accounted for seven percent of the country’s agricultural exports and in the period 2017 to 2018, food grain production was 17.48 million tonnes. In the same period, it exported US$1.3 billion worth of agricultural products. In fact, Haryana is responsible for producing more than 60 percent of India’s basmati rice.
Haryana is India’s fourth largest producer of cotton. It contributes around six percent of the country’s total production. Its availability as a raw material for textiles provides it with a competitive advantage in the textiles sector, which employs around one million people. Its exports of cotton-made garments was worth US$887.84 million in FY 18.
Petrochemicals is also an important sector in Haryana’s economy. Commissioned by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited in 1996, Panipat Refinery has a refining capacity of 15,000 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA). The other key player is Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (IOCL), which also has a 15 million MMTPA capacity refinery in Panipat.
Cumulative inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) from April 2000 to June 2018 stood at US$79.76 billion. Between 2015 and 2018 alone, the FDI injected into the state was worth US$11.93 billion. The FDIs benefitted the services, real estate and electricity sectors. In May 2018, Haryana’s state government signed 10 Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) with the United Kingdom for US$232.74 million worth of investments.
Haryana offers a wide variety of landscapes from natural and man-made lakes to mountains, cultural and pilgrimage sites related to the Hindu epic Mahabharata, as well as historical sites. In its State Tourism Policy published in 2008, the state government seeks to promote convention, exhibition and golf tourism, along with agriculture, pilgrimage, adventure, heritage, medical tourism, as well as eco-tourism. The policy also seeks to increase tourism revenue by 10 percent per annum.
Singapore and Haryana
On 23 May 2017, Haryana’s Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar, signed five major MOUs worth over S$3.8 billion. MOUs signed were with YCH Logistics for logistics projects; Ascendas Singbridge for townships and logistics; Meinhardt for an aviation hub, industrial infrastructure and smart cities development; Adonis for wellness projects; and Equis Pte Ltd for power transmission and distribution, affordable housing, green power generation, bio-ethanol and grain-drying yards.