This article provides an overview of Haryana for those keen on exploring the possibility of living and working there. The information presented is gathered from open sources and is not exhaustive or meant to supplement or substitute legal and professional advice.
- State capital: Chandigarh
- Land area: 44,212 sq km
- Population: 25.4 million
- Head of government: Manohar Lal (Chief Minister)
- State languages: Hindi, Punjabi & English
- GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) (2021–22): US$ 121.77 billion
- Major cities: Faridabad, Gurugram, Panipat, Ambala & Yamunanagar
Haryana, a state in northern India, is bounded by the union territory of Chandigarh and the state of Punjab and on the north and northwest, the states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand on the north and northeast, the state of Uttar Pradesh and the union territory of Delhi on the east, and the state of Rajasthan on the south and southwest. The city of Chandigarh, within the Chandigarh union territory, serves as the joint capital of both the states of Haryana and Punjab.
Haryana has displayed strong economic growth with its GSDP at current prices estimated at US$ 121.77 billion for FY22, an increase of seven percent year-on-year. At current prices, Haryana’s GDP growth is projected at 15.8 percent for FY22.
In terms of industrial production, Haryana is one of the leading states in India. The main industrial products include passenger cars, motorcycles, mobile cranes and tractors. In addition to being a leading auto hub in India, Haryana has emerged as a base for the knowledge industry, including IT and biotechnology. Haryana is home to many large Indian and multinational companies due to its high-quality infrastructure and proximity to Delhi.
Haryana is also the second-largest contributor of food grains to India’s central pool, earning itself the name of being one of the two bread baskets of India (the other is Punjab). It also accounts for more than 60 percent of the export of Basmati rice in the country.
According to the Indian Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) figures, the cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Haryana stood at US$ 1.7 billion in FY21, and was US$ 2.42 billion between October 2019 and March 2021.
Haryana offers a vivid kaleidoscope of diverse landscapes rich in history, art and culture. It is referred to as “heaven on earth” in ancient Sanskrit texts and is considered the bedrock of the Indus valley civilisation. Haryana’s historical monuments, heritage, and flora and fauna make it an attractive place for tourists.
Twenty areas have been named as tourism hubs in Haryana, some of which are located in Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar and Jhajjar. These hubs are well-equipped with modern infrastructure and offer useful commerce, communication, connectivity, hospitality, transportation and medical facilities and services for tourists.
Singapore and Haryana
On 23 May 2017, Haryana’s Chief Minister, Manohar Lal Khattar, signed five major MOUs with Singapore worth over S$3.8 billion. MOUs signed were with YCH Logistics for logistics projects; Ascendas Singbridge for townships and logistics; Meinhardt for an aviation hub, industrial infrastructure and smart cities development; Adonis for wellness projects; and Equis Pte Ltd for power transmission and distribution, affordable housing, green power generation, bio-ethanol and grain-drying yards.